National Health Goals

  • Reduction of Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) to 32 per 1000 live births by 2017
  • Reduction of Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) to 123 per 100,000 live births by 2017
  • Reduction of Total Fertility Rate (TFR) to 2.1 by 2017
  • Prevention and reduction of under-nutrition in children under 3 years to half of NFHS-3 (2005-2006) levels 27 per cent by 2017
  • Prevention and reduction of anemia among women aged 15-49 years to 28 percent by end of 2017
  • Raising child sex ratio in the 0-6 years age group from 914 to 950
  • Prevention and reduction of burden of communicable and non-communicable diseases (including mental illness) and injuries
  • Reduction of poor household’s out-of-pocket expenditure to 1.87 percent of GDP by the end of 2017
  • Reduce Tuberculosis annual incidence and mortality by half by the end of 2017
  • Reduce Leprosy prevalence to <1/10,000 population and incidence to zero in all districts by the end of 2017
  • Annual malaria incidence of <1/1,000 by the end of 2017
  • Microfilaria prevalence <1 percent in all districts by the end of 2017
  • Case fatality rate of Dengue <1 percent by the end of 2017
  • Containment of Chikungunya outbreaks by the end of 2017
  • Reduction in Japanese Encephalitis mortality by 30 percent by the end of 2017
  • Elimination of Kala-azar by 2015, that is <1 case per 10,000 population in all blocks
  • Reduce new infections of HIV/AIDS to zero and provide comprehensive care, support and treatment services to all who require it

Community Medicine

Functions

Community Medicine is developed as a specialist discipline of medicine which acts as a link between health services and Clinical science. It is multidisciplinary specialist but underlying major specialist skills are epidemiology and management theory and practice.

The functions of Community Medicine Specialist are as below:

  • Assessment of health conditions and needs of community;
  • Identifying the direct and indirect determinates of health conditions.
  • Planning of services to meet needs;
  • Promotion of health, including health education;
  • Measuring the effectiveness of health care services and promoting improvements;
  • Promotion of research and development into health care services;
  • Integration of health services and their co-ordination with other services, particularly the relevant services provided by local government;
  • Provision of medical advice and services to other bodies, including local government authorities responsible for environmental hygiene and the control of communicable disease.

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