National Health Goals

  • Reduction of Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) to 32 per 1000 live births by 2017
  • Reduction of Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) to 123 per 100,000 live births by 2017
  • Reduction of Total Fertility Rate (TFR) to 2.1 by 2017
  • Prevention and reduction of under-nutrition in children under 3 years to half of NFHS-3 (2005-2006) levels 27 per cent by 2017
  • Prevention and reduction of anemia among women aged 15-49 years to 28 percent by end of 2017
  • Raising child sex ratio in the 0-6 years age group from 914 to 950
  • Prevention and reduction of burden of communicable and non-communicable diseases (including mental illness) and injuries
  • Reduction of poor household’s out-of-pocket expenditure to 1.87 percent of GDP by the end of 2017
  • Reduce Tuberculosis annual incidence and mortality by half by the end of 2017
  • Reduce Leprosy prevalence to <1/10,000 population and incidence to zero in all districts by the end of 2017
  • Annual malaria incidence of <1/1,000 by the end of 2017
  • Microfilaria prevalence <1 percent in all districts by the end of 2017
  • Case fatality rate of Dengue <1 percent by the end of 2017
  • Containment of Chikungunya outbreaks by the end of 2017
  • Reduction in Japanese Encephalitis mortality by 30 percent by the end of 2017
  • Elimination of Kala-azar by 2015, that is <1 case per 10,000 population in all blocks
  • Reduce new infections of HIV/AIDS to zero and provide comprehensive care, support and treatment services to all who require it

Maternal, Infant and Young Child Nutrition National Working Group of IAPSM


Indian Association of Preventive and Social Medicine (IAPSM) is a national not-for-profit organization with its 6000+ member network all over India and has its members in medical colleges and government and non-government agencies focusing on community health. IAPSM leadership, particularly, Prof. Ratan Srivastava (ex-President, IAPSM) and Prof. AM Kadri (past General Secretary, IAPSM and President Elect, IAPSM) planned to set up a National Working Group exclusively dedicated to Maternal, Infant and Young Child Nutrition (MIYCN) under the ambit of IAPSM.

Objectives of the MIYCN-IAPSM National Working group are:

  • 1. To promote a proactive engagement of the Community Medicine specialists to strengthen and implement the concept of MIYCN
  • 2. To facilitate capacity building of the public and private healthcare providers in implementing the integration of MIYCN in health care and health research
  • 3. To support the implementation of pre-service training of MIYCN among the health professional students
  • 4. Advocacy with stakeholders to improve MIYCN in the country

This group was launched in the plenary session at IAPSM National conference of 2018 in Maharashtra, with a core group of eleven IAPSM members.

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Activities and reports:

A. Quality monitoring of public health and nutrition intervention delivery in the first 1000 days of life under the POSHAN ABHIYAAN

Under the quality monitoring initiative, health and nutrition services delivered by the Health and ICDS platforms during first 1000 days as prioritized by POSHAN Abhiyaan was monitored across various programs and schemes covering the following in particular:

  • Maternal health and nutrition services
  • IYCF services for infants & young children<2 years
  • Growth monitoring, vitamin A and IFA supplementation for infants & young children<2 years

Deep-dive on some critical themes was undertaken during certain rounds of the field visits like focusing on Village Health, Sanitation and Nutrition Day (VHSND), focusing on beneficiary behaviour changes /exposure to key messages and uptake.

Phase wise implementation was carried out.

Phase I: Through July – December 2019, quality monitoring of MIYCN service delivery was undertaken in the catchment districts of Muzaffarpur (aspirational district) and Kannauj (First phase Poshan Abhiyaan district) through the Community Medicine (CM) departments of AIIMS, Patna, Bihar and Government Medical College Kannauj, UP in consultation with national and state National Health Mission (NHM) and Integrated Child Development Service (ICDS) departments.

Phase II: Based on the learnings from the pilot phase I, a second phase of the monitoring was undertaken through January-June 2020 which was expanded to other districts (esp. under Aspirational District Transformation Program) of Gaya, Sitamarhi in Bihar and Siddharthnagar, Fatehpur in UP through engagement of Anugraha Narayan Magadh Medical College, Gaya, Darbhanga Medical College, Darbhanga, Gorakhpur AIIMS and Rae Bareli AIIMS respectively.

B. Maternal, Infant and Young Child Nutrition - Integrated Curriculum for medical undergraduates

MIYCN-IAPSM supported Alive & Thrive India in developing an integrated MIYCN curriculum for undergraduate medical students. Faculty of Community Medicine, Pediatrics, and Gynecology and Obstetrics in medical colleges of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar worked together to develop this curriculum. This is aligned with the Competency based curriculum for MBBS course prescribed by the National Medical Commission.

C. Maternal, Infant and Young Child Nutrition in mother and baby friendly health services

MIYCN-IAPSM conducted a survey among private practitioners of pediatrics and gynecology and obstetrics in 15 districts covering five states across India to know about the knowledge and practices regarding MIYCN. IAPSM, IAP, and FOGSI collaborated on this with the support of Alive & Thrive India. Dr Lalit Sankhe, IAPSM was the project lead. This was carried out between 2019 to 2021. The following reports were developed based on the findings of this survey.

Download presentations related to the topics in the curriculum given above from OneDrive Folder Link:

The faculty is advised to make appropriate modifications to adapt it to their context and also to update the content.

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